valid as on 24/06/2024

203. Appointment of key managerial personnel
Effective from 1-04-2014

(1) Every  belonging to such class or classes of companies shall have the following whole-time ,—

(i, or or and in their absence, a ;

(ii) ; and

(iii)  :

Provided that an individual shall not be appointed or reappointed as the chairperson of the company, in pursuance of the  of the company, as well as the managing director or Chief Executive Officer of the company at the same time after the date of commencement of this Act unless,—

(a) the articles of such a company provide otherwise; or

(b) the company does not carry multiple businesses:

Provided further that nothing contained in the first proviso shall apply to such class of companies engaged in multiple businesses and which has appointed one or more Chief Executive Officers for each such business as may be notified by the Central Government.

(2) Every whole-time key managerial personnel of a company shall be appointed by means of a resolution of the Board containing the terms and conditions of the appointment including the .

(3) A whole-time key managerial personnel shall not hold office in more than one company except in its at the same time:

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall disentitle a key managerial personnel from being a director of any company with the permission of the Board:

Provided further that whole-time key managerial personnel holding office in more than one company at the same time on the date of commencement of this Act, shall, within a period of six months from such commencement, choose one company, in which he wishes to continue to hold the office of key managerial personnel:

Provided also that a company may appoint or employ a person as its managing director, if he is the managing director or manager of one, and of not more than one, other company and such appointment or employment is made or approved by a resolution passed at a meeting of the Board with the consent of all the directors present at the meeting and of which meeting, and of the resolution to be moved thereat, specific notice has been given to all the directors then in India.

(4) If the office of any whole-time key managerial personnel is vacated, the resulting vacancy shall be filled-up by the Board at a meeting of the Board within a period of six months from the date of such vacancy.

(5) If a company contravenes the provisions of this section, the company shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees and every director and key managerial personnel of the company who is in default shall be punishable with fine which may extend to fifty thousand rupees and where the contravention is a continuing one, with a further fine which may extend to one thousand rupees for every day after the first during which the contravention continues.

2(20) Company means a company incorporated under this Act or under any previous company law
Refer rule 8 of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014. To view the rule,Click Here
2(51) Key Managerial Personnel, in relation to a company, means—

(i) the Chief Executive Officer or the managing director or the manager;

(ii) the company secretary;

(iii) the whole-time director;

(iv) the Chief Financial Officer;

(v) such other officer, not more than one level below the directors who is in whole-time employment, designated as key managerial personnel by the Board; and

(vi) such other officer as may be prescribed;

2(54) Managing Director means a director who, by virtue of the articles of a company or an agreement with the company or a resolution passed in its general meeting, or by its Board of Directors, is entrusted with substantial powers of management of the affairs of the company and includes a director occupying the position of managing director, by whatever name called.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the power to do administrative acts of a routine nature when so authorised by the Board such as the power to affix the common seal of the company to any document or to draw and endorse any cheque on the account of the company in any bank or to draw and endorse any negotiable instrument or to sign any certificate of share or to direct registration of transfer of any share, shall not be deemed to be included within the substantial powers of management.

2(18) Chief Executive Officer means an officer of a company, who has been designated as such by it
2(53) Manager means an individual who, subject to the superintendence, control and direction of the Board of Directors, has the management of the whole, or substantially the whole, of the affairs of a company, and includes a director or any other person occupying the position of a manager, by whatever name called, whether under a contract of service or not.
2(94) Whole-time director includes a director in the whole-time employment of the company
2(24) Company Secretary means a company secretary as defined in clause(c) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Company Secretaries Act, 1980 (56 of 1980) who is appointed by a company to perform the functions of a company secretary under this Act.
2(19) Chief Financial Officer means a person appointed as the Chief Financial Officer of a company
2(5) Articles means the articles of association of a company as originally framed or as altered from time to time or applied in pursuance of any previous company law or of this Act
2(78) Remuneration means any money or its equivalent given or passed to any person for services rendered by him and includes perquisites as defined under the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961)
2(87) Subsidiary Company or Subsidiary, in relation to any other company (that is to say the holding company), means a company in which the holding company—

(i) controls the composition of the Board of Directors; or

(ii) exercises or controls more than one-half of the total voting power either at its own or together with one or more of its subsidiary companies:

Provided that such class or classes of holding companies as may be prescribed shall not have layers of subsidiaries beyond such numbers  as may be prescribed.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause,—

(a) a company shall be deemed to be a subsidiary company of the holding company even if the control referred to in sub-clause (i) or sub-clause (ii) is of another subsidiary company of the holding company;

(b) the composition of a company’s Board of Directors shall be deemed to be controlled by another company if that other company by exercise of some power exercisable by it at its discretion can appoint or remove all or a majority of the directors;

(c) the expression “company” includes any body corporate;

(d) “layer” in relation to a holding company means its subsidiary or subsidiaries.

Inserted vide notification no. G.S.R. 463(E) dated 5th June, 2015.

(The exceptions, modifications and adaptations provided above shall be applicable only to those Government Companies which has not committed a default in filing its financial statements under section 137 of the said act or annual return under section 92 of the said act with the registrar, vide notification dated 13th June, 2017)

To view the notification,Click Here

Substituted vide the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2019 dated 31.07.2019 w.e.f., 02.11.2018. To view the Amendment Act,Click Here

13.1.8-Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules,2014

8. Appointment of Key Managerial Personnel.

Every listed company and every other public company having a paid-up share capital of ten crore rupees or more shall have whole-time key managerial personnel.

8A. Appointment of Company Secretaries in companies not covered under rule 8.—


Substituted vide the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Amendment Rules, 2020 dated 03.01.2020 w.e.f., 01.04.2020. To view the Notification, Click Here.
inserted vide notification G.S.R. 390(E) dated 9th June,2014. To view notification ,Click Here

Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Amendment Rules, 2014 [G.S.R 390(E)] dated 09/06/2014

Enforcement Notification S.O. 902(E) dated 26/03/2014

Exemption to Govt Companies G.S.R. 463(E) dated 05/06/2015

Exemptions to Government Companies [Amendment to GSR 463(E)] dated 13/06/2017

The Companies (Amendment) Act, 2019 dated 31.07.2019

The Companies (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 dated 02.11.2018 [repealed vide the Companies (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019]

The Companies (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019 dated 12.01.2019 w.e.f., 02.11.2018

The Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Amendment Rules, 2020 dated 03.01.2020 w.e.f., 01.04.2020

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