valid as on 07/12/2021

IBC Section 149-Functions of bankruptcy trustee.
W.e.f., 01.12.2019

The bankruptcy trustee shall perform the following

functions in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter—

(a) investigate the affairs of the bankrupt;

Refer regulation of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019. To view the regulation,Click Here
Refer regulation 27 to 31 of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019. To view the regulation,Click Here
Refer regulation 32 to 37 of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019. To view the regulation,Click Here

2.17.27 Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

27. Mode of sale.

(1) The bankruptcy trustee shall ordinarily sell the assets of the bankrupt through an auction as specified in

(2) The bankruptcy trustee may sell the assets by private sale, in the manner specified in if-

(a) the asset is perishable in nature;

(b) the value of the asset is likely to deteriorate significantly if the sale is delayed; or

(c) the selling price of the asset is higher than the reserve price of a failed auction.

(3) The following persons shall not purchase or acquire any interest in the property of bankrupt, directly or indirectly, without permission of the Adjudicating Authority–

(a) the bankruptcy trustee or any partner or director of the insolvency professional entity of which the bankruptcy trustee is a partner or director;

(b) any professional appointed by the bankruptcy trustee for the bankruptcy process;

(c) any creditor or associate of the bankrupt; and

(d) any company where the bankrupt or a creditor is a promoter or director.

(4) The bankruptcy trustee shall not proceed with a sale, if he has reason to believe that there is any collusion amongst any one or more of the following persons: –

(a) the buyers;

(b) the bankrupt;

(c) the creditors;

(d) associates of the bankrupt or creditors;

(e) the corporate debtor; or

(f) related party of the corporate debtor, and shall submit a report to the Adjudicating Authority for appropriate orders.

To view the schedule,Click Here
To view the schedule,Click Here

2.17.28. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

28. Acquisition, etc., of after acquired property by bankrupt.

(1) After a notice is given by the bankrupt under sub-section (2) of section 150, he shall not part with any increase in his income or dispose of any property acquired, without the prior permission of the Adjudicating Authority.

(2) If the bankrupt disposes of property before giving the notice under sub-section (2) of section 150, he shall within seven days from such disposal, disclose to the bankruptcy trustee the relevant details of the person to whom the property has been transferred, and shall also provide any other information which may be necessary to enable the bankruptcy trustee to trace the property and recover it for the purpose of bankruptcy estate.

(3) Any expense incurred by the bankruptcy trustee in bringing back any amount or acquiring title to the property referred to in sub-regulation (2) shall form part of the bankruptcy process costs.


2.17.29. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

29. Disclaimer of onerous property.

(1) The bankruptcy trustee shall notify the bankrupt and the persons interested in the onerous property in respect of the proposed disclaimer, at least seven days prior to serving the notice of disclaimer under sub-section (1) of section 160.

(2) The notification under sub-regulation (1) shall contain the intention of the bankruptcy trustee to disclaim the property, particulars of the property intended to be disclaimed, and details of the interested persons in such property.

(3) The notice under sub-section (1) of section 160 shall be filed with the Adjudicating Authority within three days of giving such notice to the persons mentioned therein.

(4) An application under sub-section (1) of section 163 shall be made within thirty days of the applicant becoming aware of the disclaimer or from the date of the notice of disclaimer under sub-section (1) of section 160, whichever is earlier.

Explanation. – For the purpose of this regulation, a person interested in onerous property means –

(a) any person who claims an interest in the disclaimed property;

(b) any person who is under any liability in respect of the onerous property; or

(c) where the disclaimed property is a dwelling house, any person who is in occupation of or entitled to occupy the dwelling house, on the date of filing of application.


2.17.30. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

30. Valuation of assets.

(1) The bankruptcy trustee shall appoint a registered valuer to value the assets, which may or may not form part of the bankrupt’s estate, when he is of the opinion that it is necessary or when a resolution to that effect has been passed by the committee.

(2) The registered valuer appointed under sub-regulation (1) shall submit to the bankruptcy trustee the estimates of the realisable value of the asset computed in accordance with internationally accepted valuation standards, after physical verification of the assets of the bankrupt.

(3) The bankruptcy trustee may appoint an additional registered valuer, for valuing the assets of the bankrupt if required in the circumstances of the case, who shall independently submit his estimate as per sub-regulation (2).

(4) In the event an additional registered valuer is appointed under sub-regulation (3), the average of the estimates received from both valuers will be considered to be the value of the assets.


2.17.31. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

31. Realisation of security interest.

(1) A secured creditor, who seeks to realise his security, shall intimate the bankruptcy trustee of the price at which he proposes to realise the secured asset.

(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall attempt to identify a buyer willing to purchase the security at a price higher than the price intimated under sub-regulation (1), and the asset shall then be sold to such buyer, if any, at the higher price by the secured creditor.

(3) Where the secured asset is realised under sub-regulation (2), the cost of identification of the buyer shall form part of bankruptcy process cost.

(4) If the bankruptcy trustee does not identify a buyer under sub-regulation (2), or the person so identified does not buy the secured asset, the secured creditor may realise the secured asset in the manner it deems fit, but at least at the price intimated under sub-regulation (1) and shall bear the cost of identification of the buyer.

(5) Where a secured creditor realises his security and the amount realised is in excess of the debts due to the secured creditor, such creditor shall tender such excess to the bankruptcy trustee.


2.17.32. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

32. Bank account for bankruptcy process.

(1) The bankruptcy trustee shall open a bank account in the name of the bankrupt followed by the words ‘in bankruptcy process’, in a scheduled bank, for the receipt of all moneys due to the bankrupt.

(2) The bankruptcy trustee shall deposit in the bank account opened under sub-regulation (1) all moneys, including cheques and demand drafts received by him as the bankruptcy trustee of the bankrupt, and the realisations of each day shall be deposited into the bank account, without any deduction, not later than the next working day.

(3) The bankruptcy trustee may maintain cash of ten thousand rupees or such higher amount, as may be permitted by the Adjudicating Authority to meet bankruptcy process costs.

(4) All payments out of the account by the bankruptcy trustee above five thousand rupees shall be made by cheques drawn or online banking transactions against the bank account.


2.17.33. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

33. Distribution of dividend to claimant of deceased creditor.

(1) In the event an application is made by a claimant or heir of a deceased creditor for receiving dividend payable to such deceased creditor, the bankruptcy trustee shall satisfy himself as to the claimant’s right and title to receive the dividend, and may call for evidence regarding such right or title.

(2) On being satisfied of the veracity of the claim as per sub-regulation (1), the bankruptcy trustee may apply to the Adjudicating Authority for sanctioning the payment of such dividend or return to the claimant.


2.17.34. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

34. Distribution of dividend.

(1) Subject to the provisions of sections 174 and 178, the bankruptcy trustee shall not commence distribution of dividend unless a preliminary report is filed with the Adjudicating Authority.

(2) The bankruptcy process cost shall be deducted before any dividend is distributed under this regulation.


2.17.35. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

35. Return of amount.

A creditor shall forthwith return any amount received by him in distribution, which he was not entitled to at the time of distribution, or subsequently


2.17.36. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

36. Unclaimed proceeds of bankruptcy or undistributed assets.

(1) After filing the final report under regulation 11, the bankruptcy trustee shall, within three days from the date of such filing, apply to the Adjudicating Authority for an order to credit to the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Fund formed under the Code, any unclaimed dividends of bankruptcy process or undistributed asset or any other balance amount payable to the creditors, left with him.

(2) Without prejudice to any penalty that may be imposed by the Board, the bankruptcy trustee shall be liable to pay interest at the rate of twelve percent per annum on the amount retained by him under sub-regulation (1), if he fails to-

(a) apply to the Adjudicating Authority within three days from the date of filing;

(b) credit to the Fund within three days from the date of order of the Adjudicating Authority.


2.17.37. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Bankruptcy Process for Personal Guarantors to Corporate Debtors) Regulations, 2019

37. Debt counselling.

Debt counselling in relation to bankruptcy process may be provided to a bankrupt by such person as may be recognised by the Board or the Central Government, as the case may be.


Enforcement Notification under Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code dated 15.11.2019 w.e.f., 01.12.2019


SCHEDULE II- Mode of sale


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