valid as on 20/08/2019

IBC Section 25-Duties of resolution professional.
Effective from 01.12.2016 and font in blue is effective from 06.06.2018

(1) It shall be the duty of the resolution professional to preserve and protect the assets of the corporate debtor, including the continued business operations of the corporate debtor.

(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the resolution professional shall undertake the following actions, namely:—

(a) take immediate custody and control of all the assets of the corporate debtor, including the business records of the corporate debtor;

(b) represent and act on behalf of the corporate debtor with third parties, exercise rights for the benefit of the corporate debtor in judicial, quasi-judicial or arbitration proceedings;

(c) raise interim finances subject to the approval of the committee of creditors under section 28;

(d) appoint accountants, legal or other professionals in the manner as specified by Board;

(e) maintain an updated list of claims;

(f) convene and attend all meetings of the committee of creditors;

(g) prepare the information memorandum in accordance with section 29;

(h) invite prospective lenders, investors, and any other persons to put forward resolution plans;

(i) present all resolution plans at the meetings of the committee of creditors;

(j) file application for avoidance of transactions in accordance with Chapter III, if any; and

(k) such other actions as may be specified by the Board.

(1) The authorised representative under sub-section (6) or sub-section (6A) of section 21 or sub-section (5) of section 24 shall have the right to participate and vote in meetings of the committee of creditors on behalf of the financial creditor he represents in accordance with the prior voting instructions of such creditors obtained through physical or electronic means.

(2) It shall be the duty of the authorised representative to circulate the agenda and minutes of the meeting of the committee of creditors to the financial creditor he represents.

(3) The authorised representative shall not act against the interest of the financial creditor he represents and shall always act in accordance with their prior intructions:

Provided that if the authorised representative represents several financial creditors, then he shall cast his vote in respect of each financial creditor in accordance with instructions received from each financial creditor, to the extent of his voting share:

Provided further that if any financial creditor does not give prior instructions through physical or electronic means, the authorised representative shall abstain from voting on bealf of such creditor.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in sub-section (3), the authorised representative under sub-section (6A) of section 21 shall cast his vote on behalf of all the financial creditors he represents in accordance with the decision taken by a vote of more than fifty per cent. of the voting share of the financial creditors he represents, who have cast their vote:

Provided that for a vote to be cast in respect of an application under section 12A, the authorised representative shall cast his vote in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (3).

(4) The authorised representative shall file with the committee of creditors any instructions received by way of physical or electronic means, from the financial creditor he represents, for voting in accordance therewith, to insure that the appropriate voting in accordance therewith, to ensure that the appropriate voting instructions of the financial creditor he represents is correctly recorded by the interim resolution professional or resolution professional, as the case may be.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this section, the “electronic means” shall be such as may be specified.

Substituted vide Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 which is replaced by Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Act, 2018 dated 18.01.2018 (effective from 23.11.2017). To view the notification,Click Here
Substituted vide the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 dated 17.08.2018 w.e.f., 06.06.2018. To view the Notification,Click Here
Inserted vide Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Act, 2019 notification dated 06.08.2019, effective from 16.08.2019. To view the amendment notification,Click Here and to view the commencement notification,Click Here

Commencement notification for the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Act, 2019 dated 16.08.2019


IBC-Enforcement Notification [S.O.3594(E)] dated 30/11/2016


Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 [repealed by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Act, 2018 w.e.f., 23.11.2017]


Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 dated 06.06.2018 [repealed by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 dated 17.08.2018 w.e.f., 06.06.2018]


The Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Act, 2019 dated 06.08.2019


The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Act, 2018 (effective from 23.11.2017)


The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 dated 17.08.2018 w.e.f., 06.06.2018


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