valid as on 24/09/2020

12.1.15-Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Rules,2014

15. Contract or arrangement with a related party.-

A company shall enter into any contract or arrangement with a related party subject to the following conditions, namely:-

(1) The agenda of the Board meeting at which the resolution is proposed to be moved shall disclose-

(a) the name of the related party and nature of relationship;
(b) the nature, duration of the contract and particulars of the contract or arrangement;
(c) the material terms of the contract or arrangement including the value, if any;
(d) any advance paid or received for the contract or arrangement, if any;
(e) the manner of determining the pricing and other commercial terms, both included as part of contract and not considered as part of the contract;
(f) whether all factors relevant to the contract have been considered, if not, the details of factors not considered with the rationale for not considering those factors; and
(g) any other information relevant or important for the Board to take a decision on the proposed transaction.

(2) Where any director is interested in any contract or arrangement with a related party, such director shall not be present at the meeting during discussions on the subject matter of the resolution relating to such contract or arrangement-

 For the purposes of first proviso to sub-section (1) of section 188, except with the prior approval of the company by a , a company shall not enter into a transaction or transactions, where the transaction or transactions to be entered into,—

(a) as contracts or arrangements with respect to clauses (a) to (e) of sub-section (1) of section 188, with criteria as mentioned below –

(i) sale, purchase or supply of any goods or materials, directly or through appointment of agent, exceeding ten per cent. of the turnover of the company , as mentioned in clause (a) and clause (e) respectively of sub-section (1) of section 188;

(ii) selling or otherwise disposing of or buying property of any kind, directly or through appointment of agent, exceeding ten per cent. of net worth of the company , as mentioned in clause (b) and clause (e) respectively of sub-section (1) of section 188;

(iii) leasing of property of any kind  exceeding ten per cent. of the net worth of the company or ten per cent. of  of the company or rupees one hundred crore, whichever is lower, as mentioned in clause (c) of sub-section (1) of section 188;

(iv) availing or rendering of any services, directly or through appointment of agent, exceeding ten per cent. of the turnover of the company , as mentioned in clause (d) and clause (e) respectively of sub-section (1) of section 188:

Explanation.—It is hereby clarified that the limits specified in sub-clauses (i) to (iv) shall apply for transaction or transactions to be entered into either individually or taken together with the previous transactions during a financial year.

(b) is for appointment to any office or place of profit in the company, its subsidiary company or  at a monthly remuneration exceeding two and half lakh rupees as mentioned in clause (f) of subsection (1) of section 188; or

(c) is for remuneration for underwriting the subscription of any securities or derivatives thereof, of the company exceeding one per cent. of the net worth as mentioned in clause (g) of sub-section (1) of section 188.

Explanation.- (1) The Turnover or Net Worth referred in the above sub-rules shall be computed on the basis of the Audited Financial Statement of the preceding Financial year.

(2) In case of a wholly owned subsidiary, the passed by the holding company shall be sufficient for the purpose of entering into the transactions between the wholly owned subsidiary and the holding company.

(3) The explanatory statement to be annexed to the notice of a general meeting convened pursuant to section 101 shall contain the following particulars, namely:—

(a) name of the related party ;

(b) name of the director or key managerial personnel who is related, if any;

(c) nature of relationship;

(d) nature, material terms, monetary value and particulars of the contract or arrangement;

(e) any other information relevant or important for the members to take a decision on the proposed resolution.

(3) For the purposes of first proviso to sub-section (1) of section 188, except with the prior approval of the company by a  special resolution-

(i) a company having a paid-up share capital of ten crore rupees or more shall not enter into a contract or arrangement with any related party; or

(ii) a company shall not enter into a transaction or transactions, where the transaction or transactions to be entered into-

(a) as contracts or arrangements with respect to clauses (a) to (e) of sub-section (1) of section 188 with criteria, as mentioned below—

(i) sale, purchase or supply of any goods or materials directly or through appointment of agents exceeding twenty five percent.of the annual turnover as mentioned in clause (a) and clause (e) respectively of sub-section (1) of section 188;

(ii) selling or otherwise disposing of, or buying, property of any kind directly or through appointment of agents exceeding ten percent of net worth as mentioned in clause (b) and clause (e) respectively of sub-section (1) of section 188;

(iii) leasing of property of any kind exceeding ten percent of the net worth or exceeding ten percent of turnover as mentioned in clause (c) of sub-section (1) of section 188;

(iv) availing or rendering of any services directly or through appointment of agents exceeding ten percent of the net worth as mentioned in clause (d) and clause (e) of sub-section (1) of section 188;

(b) is for appointment to any office or place of profit in the company, its subsidiary company or associate company at a monthly remuneration exceeding two and half lakh rupees as mentioned in clause (f) of sub-section (1) of section 188; or

(c) is for remuneration for underwriting the subscription of any securities or derivatives thereof of the company exceeding one percent of the net worth as mentioned in clause (g) of sub-section (1) of section 188.

Explanation.- (1) The Turnover or Net Worth referred in the above sub-rules shall be computed on the basis of the Audited Financial Statement of the preceding Financial year.

(2) In case of wholly owned subsidiary, the special resolution passed by the holding company shall be sufficient for the purpose of entering into the transactions between wholly owned subsidiary and holding company.

(3) The explanatory statement to be annexed to the notice of a general meeting convened pursuant to section 101 shall contain the following particulars namely:-

(a) name of the related party ;

(b) name of the director or key managerial personnel who is related, if any;

(c) nature of relationship;

(d) nature, material terms, monetary value and particulars of the contract or arrangement;

(e) any other information relevant or important for the members to take a decision on the proposed resolution.

substituted  vide GSR 590(E) Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Second Amendment Rules, 2014 dated 14 August, 2014. To view the rule,Click Here
substituted with resolution vide Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Second Amendment Rules, 2015 dated 14 December,2015. To view the rule,Click Here
Substituted vide Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Amendment Rules, 2017 GSR 309(E) dated 30.03.2017. To view the notification,Click Here
Omitted vide the Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Second Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 18.11.2019. To view the Notification. Click Here.
Substituted vide Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Amendment Rules, 2017 GSR 309(E) dated 30.03.2017. To view the notification,Click Here
Omitted vide the Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Second Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 18.11.2019. To view the Notification. Click Here.
Substituted vide the Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Second Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 18.11.2019. To view the Notification. Click Here.
Substituted vide Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Amendment Rules, 2017 GSR 309(E) dated 30.03.2017. To view the notification,Click Here
Substituted vide Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Amendment Rules, 2017 GSR 309(E) dated 30.03.2017. To view the notification,Click Here
Substituted vide Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Amendment Rules, 2017 GSR 309(E) dated 30.03.2017. To view the notification,Click Here
Omitted vide the Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Second Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 18.11.2019. To view the Notification. Click Here.
2(6) Associate Company, in relation to another company, means a company in which that other company has a significant influence, but which is not a subsidiary company of the company having such influence and includes a joint venture company.
Explanation.—For the purpose of this clause—
(a) the expression “significant influence” means control of at least twenty per cent. of total voting power, or control of or participation in business decisions under an agreement;
(b) the expression “joint venture” means a joint arrangement whereby the parties that have joint control of the arrangement have rights to the net assets of the arrangement;
 substituted with resolution vide Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Second Amendment Rules, 2015 dated 14 December, 2015. To view the notification,Click Here

Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Second Amendment Rules,2014 [G.S.R 590 E] dated 14/08/2014


Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Second Amendment Rules, 2015 [G.S.R. 971 (E)] dated 14/12/2015


The Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Second Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 18.11.2019


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