Regulation 32 of LODR
(a) to public through (herein referred to as “public offer”) by complying with the provisions of this Part; or
(b) through private placement by complying with the provisions of Part II of this Chapter; or(Effective from 01-04-2014)
(c) through a rights issue or a bonus issue in accordance with the provisions of this Act and in case of a or a company which intends to get its securities listed also with the provisions of the of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992) and the rules and regulations made thereunder.
(a) by way of rights issue or bonus issue in accordance with the provisions of this Act; or
(b) through private placement by complying with the provisions of Part II of this Chapter.(Effective from 01-04-2014)
Such class of public companies may issue such class of securities for the purposes of listing on permitted stock exchanges in permissible foreign jurisdictions or such other jurisdictions, as may be prescribed.
The Central Government may, by notification, exempt any class or classes of public companies referred to in sub-section (3) from any of the provisions of this Chapter, Chapter IV, section 89, section 90 or section 127 and a copy of every such notification shall, as soon as may be after it is issued, be laid before both Houses of Parliament
Explanation.—For the purposes of this Chapter, “public offer” includes initial public offer or further public offer of securities to the public by a company, or an offer for sale of securities to the public by an existing shareholder, through issue of a prospectus.
(a) is not a private company; and
(b) has a minimum paid-up share capital, as may be prescribed:
Provided that a company which is a subsidiary of a company, not being a private company, shall be deemed to be public company for the purposes of this Act even where such subsidiary company continues to be a private company in its articles.
(i) restricts the right to transfer its shares;
(ii) except in case of One Person Company, limits the number of its members to two hundred:
Provided that where two or more persons hold one or more shares in a company jointly, they shall, for the purposes of this clause, be treated as a single member:
Provided further that—
(A) persons who are in the employment of the company; and
(B) persons who, having been formerly in the employment of the company, were members of the company while in that employment and have continued to be members after the employment ceased, shall not be included in the number of members; and
(iii) prohibits any invitation to the public to subscribe for any securities of the company