valid as on 15/08/2019

IBC Section 196-Powers and functions of Board.
Effective from 01.11.2016 and font in blue is effective from 06.06.2018

(1) The Board shall, subject to the general direction of the Central Government, perform all or any of the following functions namely:—

(a) register insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities and renew, withdraw, suspend or cancel such registrations;

promote the development of, and regulate, the working and practices of, insolvency professionals, insolvency professional agencies and information utilities and other institutions, in furtherance of the purposes of this Code

(b) specify the for registration of insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities;

(c) levy fee or other charges for the registration of insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities;

(d) specify by regulations standards for the functioning of insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities;

(e) lay down by regulations the minimum curriculum for the examination of the insolvency professionals for their enrolment as members of the insolvency professional agencies;

(f) carry out  on insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities and pass such orders as may be required for compliance of the provisions of this Code and the regulations issued hereunder;

(g) the performance of insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities and pass any directions as may be required for compliance of the provisions of this Code and the regulations issued hereunder;

(h) call for any information and records from the insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities;

(i) publish such information, data, research studies and other information as may be specified by regulations;

(j) specify by regulations the manner of collecting and storing data by the information utilities and for providing access to such data;

(k) collect and maintain records relating to insolvency and bankruptcy cases and disseminate information relating to such cases;

(l) constitute such committees as may be required including in particular the committees laid down in section 197;

(m) promote transparency and best practices in its governance;

(n) maintain websites and such other universally accessible repositories of electronic information as may be necessary;

(o) enter into memorandum of understanding with any other statutory authorities;

(p) issue necessary guidelines to the insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities;

(q) specify mechanism for redressal of grievances against insolvency professionals, insolvency professional agencies and information utilities and pass orders relating to complaints filed against the aforesaid for compliance of the provisions of this Code and the regulations issued hereunder;

(r) conduct periodic study, research and audit the functioning and performance of to the insolvency professional agencies, insolvency professionals and information utilities at such intervals as may be specified by the Board;

(s) specify mechanisms for issuing regulations, including the conduct of public consultation processes before notification of any regulations;

(t) make regulations and guidelines on matters relating to insolvency and bankruptcy as may be required under this Code, including mechanism for time bound disposal of the assets of the corporate debtor or debtor; and

(u) perform such other functions as may be prescribed.

(2) The Board may make model bye-laws to be to adopted by insolvency professional agencies which may provide for—

(a) the minimum standards of professional competence of the members of insolvency professional agencies;

(b) the standards for professional and ethical conduct of the members of insolvency professional agencies;

(c) requirements for enrolment of persons as members of insolvency professional agencies which shall be non-discriminatory;

Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the term “non-discriminatory” means lack of discrimination on the grounds of religion, caste, gender or place of birth and such other grounds as may be specified;

(d) the manner of granting membership;

(e) setting up of a governing board for internal governance and management of insolvency professional agency in accordance with the regulations specified by the Board;

(f) the information required to be submitted by members including the form and the time for submitting such information;

(g) the specific classes of persons to whom services shall be provided at concessional rates or for no remuneration by members;

(h) the grounds on which penalties may be levied upon the members of insolvency professional agencies and the manner thereof;

(i) a fair and transparent mechanism for redressal of grievances against the members of insolvency professional agencies;

(j) the grounds under which the insolvency professionals may be expelled from the membership of insolvency professional agencies;

(k) the quantum of fee and the manner of collecting fee for inducting persons as its members;

(l) the procedure for enrolment of persons as members of insolvency professional agency;

(m) the manner of conducting examination for enrolment of insolvency professionals;

(n) the manner of monitoring and reviewing the working of insolvency professional who are members;

(o) the duties and other activities to be performed by members;

(p) the manner of conducting disciplinary proceedings against its members and imposing penalties;

(q) the manner of utilising the amount received as penalty imposed against any insolvency professional.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, while exercising the powers under this Code, the Board shall have the same powers as are vested in a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, while trying a suit, in respect of the following matters, namely:—

(i) the discovery and production of books of account and other documents, at such place and such time as may be specified by the Board;

(ii) summoning and enforcing the attendance of persons and examining them on oath;

(iii) inspection of any books, registers and other documents of any person at any place;

(iv) issuing of commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents.

Substituted vide the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 dated 17.08.2018 w.e.f., 06.06.2018. To view the Notification,Click Here 
Refer regulation 3 of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Professional Agencies) Regulations, 2016. To view the regulation,Click Here
Substituted vide the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 dated 17.08.2018 w.e.f., 06.06.2018. To view the Notification,Click Here
 IBBI has clarified that an insolvency professional shall not be appointed as interim resolution professional, resolution professional, liquidator, or a bankruptcy trustee if any disciplinary proceeding is pending against him vide Circular No. LA/010/2018 dated 23.04.2018. To view the Circular, Click Here
Annual Certification of Compliance to be submitted by IPAs within 45 days of closure of Financial year vide Circular No. IPA/009/2018 dated 19.04.2018. To view the Circular Click Here

2.1.3:Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Professional Agencies) Regulations, 2016.

Eligibility for registration.

No person shall be eligible for registration as an insolvency professional agency unless it is a company registered under section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013, and –

(a) its sole object is to carry on the functions of an insolvency professional agency under the Code;

(b) it has bye-laws and governance structure in accordance with the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Model Bye-Laws and Governing Board of Insolvency Professional Agencies) Regulations, 2016;

(c) it has a minimum net worth of ten crore rupees;

(d) it has a paid-up share capital of five crore rupees;

(e) it is not under the control of any person resident outside India;

(f) not more than forty-nine per cent. of its share capital is held, directly or indirectly, by persons resident outside India;

(g) it is not a subsidiary of a body corporate through more than one layer; and

(h) the applicant, its promoters, its directors and its shareholders are fit and proper persons.

Explanation 1.- For the purposes of clause (g), “layer” in relation to a body corporate means its subsidiary.

Explanation 2.- For determining whether a person is fit and proper under clause (h), the Board may take into account any consideration as it deems fit, including but not limited to the following criteria, namely: –

(i) integrity, reputation and character,
(ii) absence of conviction and restraint orders,
(iii) competence including financial solvency and net worth.

(2) No person shall at any time, directly or indirectly, either individually or together with persons acting in concert, acquire or hold more than five per cent. of the paid-up equity share capital in an insolvency professional agency:

Provided that-

(i) a stock exchange;
(ii) a depository;
(iii) a banking company;
(iv) an insurance company;
(v) a public financial institution; and
(vi) a multilateral financial institution,

may, acquire or hold, directly or indirectly, either individually or together with persons acting in concert, up to fifteen per cent. of the paid-up equity share capital of an insolvency
professional agency:

Provided further that-
(i) the Central Government;
(ii) a State Government; and
(iii) a statutory regulator,

may, acquire or hold, directly or indirectly, up to hundred per cent. of the paid-up equity share capital of an insolvency professional agency.

3. No person shall be eligible to be registered as an insolvency professional agency unless it is a company registered under section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013, and –

(a) its sole object is to carry on the functions of an insolvency professional agency under the Code;

(b) it has bye-laws and governance structure in accordance with the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Model Bye-Laws and Governing Board of Insolvency Professional Agencies), 2016;

(c) it has a minimum net worth of ten crore rupees;

(d) it has a paid-up share capital of five crore rupees,

(e) it is not under the control of person(s) resident outside India,

(f) not more than 49% of its share capital is held, directly or indirectly, by persons resident outside India; and

(g) it is not a subsidiary of a body corporate through more than one layer: Explanation: “layer” in relation to a body corporate means its subsidiary;

(h) itself, its promoters, its directors and persons holding more than 10% of its share capital are fit and proper persons.

Explanation: For determining whether a person is fit and proper under these Regulations, the Board may take account of any consideration as it deems fit, including but not limited to the following criteria-

(i) integrity, reputation and character,

(ii) absence of convictions and restraint orders, and

(iii) competence including financial solvency and net worth.

Substituted vide the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Professional Agencies) (Amendment) Regulations, 2018 dated 11.10.2018. To view the Notification, Click Here

Annual Compliance Certificate for Insolvency Professional Agency


IBC-Enforcement Notification [S.O.3355(E)] dated 01/11/2016


Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 dated 06.06.2018 [repealed by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 dated 17.08.2018 w.e.f., 06.06.2018]


The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 dated 17.08.2018 w.e.f., 06.06.2018


Circular No. LA/010/2018 dated 23.04.2018 on Commencement of Disciplinary Proceeding


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