valid as on 20/05/2019

7.2.2. The Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Rules, 2018

2. Definitions

(1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,-

(a) “Act” means the Companies Act,2013 (18 of 2013);

“control” means control as defined in clause (27) of section 2 of the Act

“form” means the form specified in Annexure to these rules;

“majority stake” means;-

(i) holding more than one-half of the equity share capital in the body corporate; or

(ii) holding more than one-half of the voting rights in the body corporate; or

(iii) having the right to receive or participate in more than one-half of the distributable dividend or any other distribution by the body corporate;

“partnership entity” means a partnership firm registered under the Indian Partnership Act,1932 (9 of 1932) or a limited liability partnership registered under the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 (6 of 2009);

“reporting company” means a company as defined in clause (20) of section 2 of the Act, required to comply with the requirements of section 90 of the Act;

“section” means a section of the Act;

“significant beneficial owner” in relation to a reporting company means an individual referred to in sub-section (1) of section 90, who is acting alone or together, or through one or more persons or trust, possesses one or more of the following rights or entitlements in such reporting company, namely:-

(i) holds indirectly, or together with any direct holdings, not less than ten per cent. of the shares;
(ii) holds indirectly, or together with any direct holdings, not less than ten per cent. of the voting rights in the shares;
(iii) has right to receive or participate in not less than ten per cent. of the total distributable dividend, or any other distribution, in a financial year through indirect holdings alone, or together with any direct holdings;
(iv) has right to exercise, or actually exercises, significant influence or control, in any manner other than through direct holdings alone:

Explanation I. – For the purpose of this clause, if an individual does not hold any right or entitlement indirectly under sub-clauses (i), (ii) or (iii), he shall not be considered to be a significant beneficial owner.

Explanation II – For the purpose of this clause, an individual shall be considered to hold a right or entitlement directly in the reporting company, if he satisfies any of the following criteria, namely.-

(i) the shares in the reporting company representing such right or entitlement are held in the name of the individual;

(ii) the individual holds or acquires a beneficial interest in the share of the reporting company under sub_section (2) of section 89, and has made a declaration in this regard to the reporting company.

Explanation III. – For the purpose of this clause, an individual shall be considered to hold a right or entitlement indirectly in the reporting company, if he satisfies any of the following criteria, in respect of a member of the reporting company, namely: –

(i) where the member of the reporting company is a body corporate (whether incorporated or registered in India or abroad), other than limited liability partnership, and the individual,-

(a) holds majority stake in that member; or
(b) holds majority stake in the ultimate holding company (whether incorporated or registered in India or abroad) of that member;

(ii) where the member of the reporting company is a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) (through karta), and the individual is the karta of the HUF;

(iii) where the member of the reporting company is a partnership entity (through itself or a partner), and the individual,-

(a) is a partner; or
(b) holds majority stake in the body corporate which is a partner of the partnership entity; or
(c) holds majority stake in the ultimate holding company of the body corporate which is a partner of the partnership entity.

(iv) where the member of the reporting company is a trust (through trustee), and the individual,-

(a) is a trustee in case of a discretionary trust or a charitable trust;
(b) is a beneficiary in case of a specific trust;
(c) is the author or settlor in case of a revocable trust.

(v) where the member of the reporting company is,-

(a) a pooled investment vehicle; or
(b) an entity controlled by the pooled investment vehicle,

based in member State of the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering and the regulator of the securities market in such member State is a member of the International Organization of Securities Commissions, and the individual in relation to the pooled investment vehicle,-

(A) is a general partner; or
(B) is an investment manager; or
(C) is a Chief Executive Officer where the investment manager of such pooled vehicle is a body corporate or a partnership entity.

Explanation IV. Where the member of a reporting company is,

(i) a pooled investment vehicle; or
(ii) an entity controlled by the pooled investment vehicle,

based in a jurisdiction which does not fulfil the requirements referred to in clause (v) of Explanation III, the provisions of clause (i) or clause (ii) or clause (iii) or clause (iv) of Explanation III, as the case may be, shall apply.

Explanation V. – For the purpose of this clause, if any individual, or individuals acting through any person or trust, act with a common intent or purpose of exercising any rights or entitlements, or exercising control or significant influence, over a reporting company, pursuant to an agreement or understanding, formal or informal, such individual, or individuals, acting through any person or trust, as the case may be, shall be deemed to be ‘acting together’.

Explanation VI. – For the purposes of this clause, the instruments in the form of global depository receipts, compulsorily convertible preference shares or compulsorily convertible debentures shall be treated as ‘shares’.

“significant influence” means the power to participate, directly or indirectly, in the financial and operating policy decisions of the reporting company but is not control or joint control of those policies’.

(b) “form” means the form specified in Annexure to these rules;

(c) “registered owner” means a person whose name is entered in the register of members of a company as the holder of shares in that company but who does not hold beneficial interest in such shares;

(d) “section” means a section of the Act

(e) “significant beneficial owner” means an individual referred to in sub-section (1) of section 90 (holding ultimate beneficial interest of not less than ten per cent.) read with sub-section (10) of section 89, but whose name is not entered in the register of members of a company as the holder of such shares, and the term ‘significant beneficial ownership’ shall be construed accordingly;

Explanation l. – For the purpose of this clause, the significant beneficial ownership, in case of persons other than individuals or natural persons, shall be determined as under-

(i) where the member is a company, the significant beneficial owner is the natural person, who, whether acting alone or together with other natural persons, or through one or more other persons or trusts, holds not less than ten per cent. share capital of the company or who exercises significant influence or control in the company through other means;

(ii) where the member is a partnership firm, the significant beneficial owner is the natural person, who, whether acting alone or together with other natural persons, or through one or more other persons or trusts, holds not less than ten per cent. of capital or has entitlement of not less than ten per cent. of profits of the partnership;

(iii) where no natural person is identified under (i) or (ii), the significant beneficial owner is  the relevant natural person who holds the position of senior managing official;

(iv) where the member is a trust (through trustee), the identification of beneficial owner(s) shall include identification of the author of the trust, the trustee, the beneficiaries with not less than ten per cent. interest in the trust and any other natural person exercising ultimate effective control over the trust through a chain of control or ownership;

Explanation II . It is hereby clarified that instruments in the form of global depository receipts, compulsorily convertible preference shares or compulsorily convertible debentures shall be treated as shares’ for the purpose of this clause;

(2) Words and expressions used in these rules but not defined and defined in the Act or in Companies (Specification of Definitions Details) Rules, 2014 shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Act and the said Rules.

(1) Every reporting company shall take necessary steps to find out if there is any individual who is a significant beneficial owner, as defined in clause (h) of rule 2, in relation to that reporting company, and if so, identify him and cause such individual to make a declaration in .

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the steps stated in sub-rule (1), every reporting company shall in all cases where its member (other than an individual), holds not less than ten per cent. of its;-

(a) shares, or
(b) voting rights, or
(c) right to receive or participate in the dividend or any other distribution payable in a financial year,

give notice to such member, seeking information in accordance with sub-section (5) of section 90, in .

Substituted vide the Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 08.02.2019. To view the Notification, Click Here.
Substituted vide the Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 08.02.2019. To view the Notification, Click Here.
Substituted vide the Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 08.02.2019. To view the Notification, Click Here.
Substituted vide the Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 08.02.2019. To view the Notification, Click Here.
Substituted vide the Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 08.02.2019. To view the Notification, Click Here.
Substituted vide the Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 08.02.2019. To view the Notification, Click Here.
Substituted vide the Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 08.02.2019. To view the Notification, Click Here.
Substituted vide the Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 08.02.2019. To view the Notification, Click Here.
Inserted vide the Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 08.02.2019. To view the Notification, Click Here.
To view the form, Click Here
To view the form, Click Here

The Companies (Significant Beneficial Owners) Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 08.02.2019


Form No. BEN-1 (Substituted vide notification dated 08.02.2019)


Form No. BEN-4 (Substituted vide notification dated 08.02.2019)


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