(1) Where the Adjudicating Authority passes an order for liquidation of the corporate debtor under section 33, the resolution professional appointed for the corporate insolvency resolution process under
Chapter II shall for the purposes of liquidation unless replaced by the Adjudicating Authority under sub-section (4).
(2) On the appointment of a liquidator under this section, all powers of the board of directors, key managerial personnel and the partners of the corporate debtor, as the case may be, shall cease to have effect and shall be vested in the liquidator.
(3) The personnel of the corporate debtor shall extend all assistance and cooperation to the liquidator as may be required by him in managing the affairs of the corporate debtor and provisions of section 19 shall apply in relation to voluntary liquidation process as they apply in relation to liquidation process with the substitution of references to the liquidator for references to the interim resolution professional.
(a) the resolution plan submitted by the resolution professional under section 30 was rejected for failure to meet the requirements mentioned in sub-section (2) of section 30; or
(7) The Adjudicating Authority shall, on receipt of the proposal of the Board for the appointment of an insolvency professional as liquidator, by an order appoint such insolvency professional as the liquidator.
(9) The fees for the conduct of the liquidation proceedings under sub-section (8) shall be paid to the liquidator from the proceeds of the liquidation estate under section 53.
Also see the “Expression of Interest to be in the Panel under Insolvency Professionals to act as Interim Resolution Professionals or Liquidators (Recommendation) Guidelines, 2018” dated 06.06.2018. To view the guidelines, Click Here
2.5.12:Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Liquidation Process) Regulations, 2016
12. Public announcement by liquidator.
(2) The public announcement shall-
(a) call upon stakeholders to submit their claims as on the liquidation commencement date; and
(b) provide the last date for submission of claim, which shall be thirty days from the liquidation commencement date.
(3) The announcement shall be published-
(a) in one English and one regional language newspaper with wide circulation at the location of the registered office and principal office, if any, of the corporate debtor and any other location where in the opinion of the liquidator, the corporate debtor conducts material business operations;
(b) on the website, if any, of the corporate debtor; and
2.5.3:Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Liquidation Process) Regulations, 2016
3. Eligibility for appointment as liquidator.
(1) An insolvency professional shall be eligible to be appointed as a liquidator if he, and every partner or director of the insolvency professional entity of which he is a partner or director, is independent of the corporate debtor.
Explanation– A person shall be considered independent of the corporate debtor, if he-
(a) is eligible to be appointed as an independent director on the board of the corporate debtor under section 149 of the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013), where the corporate debtor is a company;
(b) is not a related party of the corporate debtor; or
(c) has not been an employee or proprietor or a partner:
(ii) of a legal or a consulting firm, that has or had any transaction with the corporate debtor contributing ten per cent or more of the gross turnover of such firm, in the last three financial years.
(2) A liquidator shall disclose the existence of any pecuniary or personal relationship with the concerned corporate debtor or any of its stakeholders as soon as he becomes aware of it, to the Board and the Adjudicating Authority.
(3) An insolvency professional shall not continue as a liquidator if the insolvency professional entity of which he is a director or partner, or any other partner or director of such insolvency professional entity represents any other stakeholder in the same liquidation process.
2.5.4:Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Liquidation Process) Regulations, 2016
4. Liquidator’s fee.
(1) The fee payable to the liquidator shall form part of the liquidation cost.
(2) The liquidator shall be entitled to such fee and in such manner as has been decided by the committee of creditors before a liquidation order is passed under sections 33(1)(a) or 33(2).
(3) In all cases other than those covered under sub-regulation (2), the liquidator shall be entitled to a fee as a percentage of the amount realized net of other liquidation costs, and of the amount distributed, as under:
Percentage of fee on the amount realized / distributed
|Amount of Realisation /|
Distribution (In rupees)
|in the first six|
|in the next six|
|in the next one|
|Amount of Realisation (exclusive of liquidation costs)|
|On the first 1 crore||5.00||3.75||2.50||1.88
|On the next 9 crore||3.75||2.80||1.88||1.41|
|On the next 40 crore||2.50||1.88||1.25||0.94|
|On the next 50 crore||1.25||0.94||0.68||0.51|
|On further sums realized||0.25||0.19||0.13||0.10|
|Amount Distributed to Stakeholders|
|On the first 1 crore||2.50||1.88||1.25||0.94|
|On the next 9 crore||1.88||1.40||0.94||0.71|
|On the next 40 crore||1.25||0.94||0.63||0.47|
|On the next 50 crore||0.63||0.48||0.34||0.25|
|On further sums distributed||0.13||0.10||0.06||0.05|
(4) The liquidator shall be entitled to receive half of the fee payable on realization under sub-regulation (3) only after such realized amount is distributed.
IBC-Enforcement Notification [S.O.3687(E)] dated 09/12/2016
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 dated 06.06.2018 [repealed by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 dated 17.08.2018 w.e.f., 06.06.2018]
Insolvency Professionals to act as Interim Resolution Professionals and Liquidators (Recommendation) (Second) Guidelines, 2018 dated 30.11.2018 w.e.f., 01.01.2019
Insolvency Professionals to act as Interim Resolution Professionals or Liquidators (Recommendation) Guidelines, 2017 dated 15/12/2017
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Liquidation Process) (Amendment) Regulations, 2018 w.e.f., 01.04.2018
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Act, 2018 dated 17.08.2018 w.e.f., 06.06.2018