valid as on 14/07/2019

Regulation 31A. Disclosure of Class of shareholders and Conditions for Reclassification.
Effective date 01.12.2015

(1) For the purpose of this regulation:

(a) “promoter(s) seeking re-classification” shall mean all such promoters/persons belonging to the promoter group seeking re-classification of status as public.

(b) “persons related to the promoter(s) seeking re-classification” shall mean such persons with respect to that promoter(s) seeking re-classification who fall under sub-clauses (ii), (iii) and (iv) of clause (pp) of sub-regulation (1) of regulation 2 of Securities and Exchange Board of India (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2018.

(2) Re-classification of the status of any person as a promoter or public shall be permitted by the stock exchanges only upon receipt of an application from the listed entity along with all relevant documents subject to compliance with conditions specified in these regulations;

Provided that in case of entities listed on more than one stock exchange, the concerned stock exchanges shall jointly decide on the application.

(3) Re-classification of status of a promoter/ person belonging to promoter group to public shall be permitted by the stock exchanges only upon satisfaction of the following conditions:

(a) an application for re-classification to the stock exchanges has been made by the listed entity consequent to the following procedures and not later than thirty days from the date of approval by shareholders in general meeting:

(i) the promoter(s) seeking re-classification shall make a request for re-classification to the listed entity which shall include rationale for seeking such re-classification and how the conditions specified in clause (b) below are satisfied;

(ii) the board of directors of the listed entity shall analyze the request and place the same before the shareholders in a general meeting for approval along with the views of the board of directors on the request:

Provided that there shall be a time gap of at least three months but not exceeding six months between the date of board meeting and the shareholder’s meeting
considering the request of the promoter(s) seeking re-classification.

(iii) the request of the promoter(s) seeking re-classification shall be approved in the general meeting by an ordinary resolution in which the promoter(s) seeking reclassification and persons related to the promoter(s) seeking re-classification shall not vote to approve such re-classification request.

(b) the promoter(s) seeking re-classification and persons related to the promoter(s) seeking re-classification shall not:

(i) together, hold more than ten percent of the total voting rights in the listed entity;

(ii) exercise control over the affairs of the listed entity directly or indirectly;

(iii) have any special rights with respect to the listed entity through formal or informal arrangements including through any shareholder agreements;

(iv) be represented on the board of directors (including not having a nominee director) of the listed entity;

(v) act as a key managerial person in the listed entity;

(vi) be a ‘wilful defaulter’ as per the Reserve Bank of India Guidelines;

(vii) be a fugitive economic offender.

(c) the listed entity shall:

(i) be compliant with the requirement for minimum public shareholding as required under regulation 38 of these regulations;
(ii) not have trading in its shares suspended by the stock exchanges;
(iii) not have any outstanding dues to the Board, the stock exchanges or the
depositories.

(4) The promoter(s) seeking re-classification, subsequent to re-classification as public, shall comply with the following conditions:

(a) he shall continue to comply with conditions mentioned at sub-clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) of clause (b) of sub-regulation 3 as specified above at all times from the date of such reclassification failing which, he shall automatically be reclassified as promoter/ persons belonging to promoter group, as applicable;

(b) he shall comply with conditions mentioned at sub-clauses (iv) and (v) of clause (b) of sub-regulation 3 for a period of not less than three years from the date of such re-classification failing which, he shall automatically be reclassified as promoter/ persons belonging to promoter group, as applicable.

(5) If any public shareholder seeks to re-classify itself as promoter, it shall be required to make an open offer in accordance with the provisions of Securities and Exchange Board of India (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011.

(6) In case of transmission, succession, inheritance and gift of shares held by a promoter/ person belonging to the promoter group:

(a) immediately on such event, the recipient of such shares shall be classified as a promoter/ person belonging to the promoter group, as applicable.

(b) subsequently, in case the recipient classified as a promoter/person belonging to the promoter group proposes to seek re-classification of status as public, it may do so subject to compliance with conditions specified in sub-regulation (3) above.

(c) in case of death of a promoter/person belonging to the promoter group, such person shall automatically cease to be included as a promoter/person belonging to the promoter group.

(7) A listed entity shall be considered as ‘listed entity with no promoters’ if due to re-classification or otherwise, the entity does not have any promoter;

(8) The following events shall deemed to be material events and shall be disclosed by the listed entity to the stock exchanges as soon as reasonably possible and not later than twenty four hours from the occurrence of the event:

(a) receipt of request for re-classification by the listed entity from the promoter(s) seeking reclassification;

(b) minutes of the board meeting considering such request which would include the views of the board on the request;

(c) submission of application for re-classification of status as promoter/public by the listed entity to the stock exchanges;

(d) decision of the stock exchanges on such application as communicated to the listed entity;

(9) The provisions of sub-regulations 3, 4 and clauses (a) and (b) of sub-regulation 8 of this regulation shall not apply, if re-classification of promoter(s)/ promoter group of the listed entity is as per the resolution plan approved under section 31 of the Insolvency Code, subject to the condition that such promoter(s) seeking re-classification shall not remain in control of the listed entity.

Disclosure of Class of shareholders and Conditions for Reclassification.

31A.(1) All entities falling under promoter and promoter group shall be disclosed separately in the shareholding pattern appearing on the website of all stock exchanges having nationwide trading terminals where the specified securities of the entity are listed, in accordance with the formats specified by SEBI.

(2)The stock exchange, specified in sub-regulation (1), shall allow modification or reclassification of the status of the shareholders, only upon receipt of a request from the concerned listed entity or the concerned shareholders along with all relevant evidence and on being satisfied with the compliance of conditions mentioned in this regulation.

(3)In case of entities listed on more than one stock exchange, the concerned stock exchanges shall jointly decide on the application of the entity/ shareholders, as specified in sub-regulation(2).

(4)In case of transmission/succession/inheritance, the inheritor shall be classified as promoter.

(5) When a new promoter replaces the previous promoter subsequent to an open offer or in any other manner, re-classification may be permitted subject to approval of shareholders in the general meeting and compliance of the following conditions:

(a)   Such promoter along with the promoter group and the Persons Acting in Concert shall not hold more than ten per cent of the paid-up equity capital of the entity.

(b)  Such promoter shall not continue to have any special rights through formal or informal arrangements. All shareholding agreements granting special rights to such entities shall be terminated.

(c)   Such promoters and their relatives shall not act as key managerial person for a period of more than three years from the date of shareholders’ approval:

Provided that the resolution of the said shareholders’ meeting must specifically grant approval for such promoter to act as key managerial person.

(6)Where an entity becomes professionally managed and does not have any identifiable promoter the existing promoters may be re-classified as public shareholders subject to approval of the shareholders in a general meeting.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this sub-regulation anentity may be considered as professionally managed, if-

(i)No person or group along with persons acting in concert taken together shall hold more than one per cent paid-up equity capital of the entity including any holding of convertibles/outstanding warrants/ Depository Receipts:

Provided that any mutual fund, bank, insurance company, financial institution, foreign portfolio investor may individually hold up to ten per cent paid-up equity capital of the entity including any holding of convertibles/outstanding warrants/Depository Receipts.

(ii)The promoters seeking reclassification and their relatives may act as key managerial personnel in the entity only subject to shareholders’ approval and for a period not exceeding three years from the date of shareholders’ approval.

(iii)The promoter seeking reclassification along with his promoter group entities and the persons acting in concert shall not have any special right through formal or informal arrangements. All shareholding agreements granting special rights to such outgoing entities shall be terminated.

(7)Without prejudice to sub-regulations (5) and (6), re-classification of promoter as public shareholders shall be subject to the following conditions:

(a)Such promoter shall not, directly or indirectly, exercise control, over the affairs of the entity.

(b)Increase in the level of public shareholding pursuant to re-classification of promoter shall not be counted towards achieving compliance with minimum public shareholding requirement under rule 19A of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules, 1957, and the provisions of these regulations.

(c)The event of re-classification shall be disclosed to the stock exchanges as a material event in accordance with the provisions of these regulations.

(d)Board may relax any condition for re-classification in specific cases, if it is satisfied about non-exercise of control by the outgoing promoter or its persons acting in concert.

(8)   If any public shareholder seeks to re-classify itself as promoter, it shall be required to make an open offer in accordance with the provisions of SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011.

The provisions of sub-regulations (5), (6) and clause (b) of sub regulation (7) of this regulation shall not apply, if re-classification of existing promoter or promoter group of the listed entity is as per the resolution plan approved under section 31 of the Insolvency Code, subject to the following conditions:

(i) the existing promoter and promoter group seeking re-classification shall not remain in control of the listed entity; and

(ii) such re-classification along with the underlying rationale shall be disclosed to the stock exchanges within one day of the resolution plan being approved.

Inserted vide the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) (Sixth Amendment) Regulations, 2018 dated 16.11.2018. To view the Notification, Click Here
Inserted vide the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) (Third Amendment) Regulations, 2018 dated 1.06.2018. To view the Notification, Click Here

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) (Sixth Amendment) Regulations, 2018 dated 16.11.2018


The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) (Third Amendment) Regulations, 2018 dated 1.06.2018


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